As a landlocked country, Chad is surrounded by armed conflicts. Securing the territory of Chad is a difficult and daunting task that requires strong and sustained regional and international co-operation and support.
The Lake Chad region which connects Chad to Niger, Nigeria and Cameroon has been the hub of Boko Haram insurgencies. Boko Haram has reportedly killed over 30,000 people and committed hundreds of human rights abuses against the local populations. In this region, around 2 million people have been internally displaced while around 10 million people need dire humanitarian assistance. Some of the most basic fundamental needs are not provided for those who live here. In addition to the recurrence of violence, climate conditions have deteriorated, and famine, as well as lack of food supply, is common. Health care and education facilities are virtually absent.
To the north of the country, the armed conflict in Libya is also a serious threat, particularly given the presence of Daesh there and its reported alliance with Boko Haram. The border with Sudan in the east is also threatened by conflict in that country leading to an influx of thousands of Sudanese refugees into Chad. To the south, along the border with Central African Republic, many refugees and returnees are living in this area, having fled the country to escape the conflict between ex-Séléka and anti-Balaka which continues today. There are also reports of local armed rebellion in Chad against the current government, some of which involve persons from outside the country. The 2015 suicide bombings in N’djamena by Boko Haram, further highlighted the volatile security situation which Chad is facing today.
Women and children who were forcibly taken captives had been particularly subjected to sexual and gender-based violence. Many have been used as suicide bombers, while others were forced to marry their abductors. The rape, torture, sexual slavery and killing of women have been common in this region.